Measuring peace in countries

Dhaka,  Fri,  28 July 2017
Published : 20 Jun 2017, 21:20:26
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OPINION

Measuring peace in countries

The global index points out that peace in the world has been enhanced by 0.28 per cent. But terrorism  is  a palpable challenge to humanity. What's equally  concerning  is that despite  decline in militarisation over the last three decades, peacefulness exists well below the optimal level, writes Marksman
The Sydney-based Institute for Economics and Peace  in its  Global Peace Index(GPI), 2017 has placed Bangladesh 84th among 163 nations. The rankings are based on wide-ranging  templates, rather   loosely-knit raft of measuring tapes numbering as many as 23. They correspond to an analytical framework perceived  for a comparative evaluation of a large number of countries of varying political, military, socio-economic, regional and  international standings.

While applying their evaluative markers, the Institute for Economics and Peace is unsparing about the high and mighty in global economic and political pecking orders in exposing  their soft under-bellies. First, some of the rich, highly charged countries with  huge levers to press in order to have their ways tend to rank   lower in being peaceful themselves or in championing peace as such. Secondly, they need to  be introspective about  the costs of preventing and containing violence and conflict that far outstrip what the world  spends for peace.

Thus, the GPI, 2017 is focused on this extraordinary out-of-the-box line of thinking: "Peace is much more than absence of violence. The key to reversing the decline in peace is through building Positive Peace-a holistic framework of the key attitudes, institutions and structures which build peace in the long term."

Another finding on a  global scale  pertinent at the national level relates to this conclusion; " There are immediate and obvious examples of impact of violence  to the economy, like hospital fees, or security costs and there are more subtle long term impacts such as  a shift to more defensive pending by individuals, business and governments.

The study, however, notes a slight improvement in violence last year but there has been less peacefulness over the last decade. Overall, 93 countries improved while 63 detoriortrated

Iceland has been the most peaceful country since 2008 followed by New Zealand,

Portugal, Austria and Denmark, Syria on the other hand, has been the least peaceful followed by Afghanistan, Iraq, South Sudan and Yemen. An improvement has come about in countries avoiding their involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Bangladesh's latest ranking at 84 is moaned for being a notch  short of 83 in 2016.

But in 2015 it ranked 84. In the years previous to 2015 Bangladesh had  scored 98,105,91 and 83 respectively. Surely  its standing has improved stabilizing in the higher half of the world's nations. The potential for bettering the records is enormous.

The country's status is third in the  south Asia region with Bhutan at 13 and Sri Lanka at 80 .

In troubled times not too long ago Sri Lanka scored 97th place.

On the lower  side, Nepal is 93rd, Myanmar 104th , India 137th , Pakistan 152nd and Afghanistan at the bottom with its 162nd ranking .

One final point, the global index points out that peace in the world has been enhanced by 0.28 per cent. But terrorism  is  a palpable challenge to humanity. What's equally  concerning  is that despite  decline in militarisation over the last three decades peacefulness exists well below the optimal level. Even homogeneous countries are not safe from the contagion effect of world-wide extremism.

Email: safarihi43@gmail.com

 
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