India to renew labour law overhaul drive to enhance jobs

Dhaka,  Monday,   2016-09-22
Published : 22 Sep 2016, 21:37:13

India to renew labour law overhaul drive to enhance jobs

India to renew labour law overhaul drive to enhance jobs
NEW DELHI, Sept 22 (Reuters): Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government is to make a renewed drive to overhaul labour laws, hoping to create millions of new jobs by making it easier to hire and fire, the labour ministry's top bureaucrat said on Thursday.

Modi made a shake-up of India's labour market a part of his reform agenda after coming into office in 2014, but opposition from unions and a bruising battle to pass other crucial pieces of economic legislation have stalled those efforts.

Shankar Aggarwal, the ministry secretary, told Reuters that the government felt the time was right to prioritise labour reform again after parliament in August passed India's biggest overhaul of indirect taxes, the Goods and Services Tax (GST), a victory for Modi's bid to boost the economy.

"We have to tweak the law. Employers want flexibility in hiring," Aggarwal said in an interview.

Two key bills, covering industrial relations and wages, would be sent to the cabinet this month, he said. Subject to cabinet approval, the bills would be presented in parliament's next session, beginning in November.

A rule requiring firms to seek rarely granted government permission for laying off large numbers of workers, which employers say has discouraged permanent hiring and kept factories small, are among restrictions to be loosened.

"It is a question of priority. We thought that it will be a good idea to put GST first so that we don't fritter away our energy," Aggarwal said.

The government says freeing up labour markets will boost employment, lure foreign investment and encourage firms to expand.

Trade unions argue that the reforms will put jobs at risk and make it tougher for employees to form unions or strike. More than a million workers went on strike on Sept. 2 to protest against the policies.
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